Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods - Murmansk City Polyclinic No. 5

The hussars are called a disease that is more known as gonorrhea. This is a venereal disease, which primarily affects the human sexual system. Infection occurs through sexual contacts, but consumer transfer is possible, since Gonococcus can survive under certain conditions outside the body throughout the day. But this happens extremely rare due to the fact that there is a lot of pathogenic microorganisms for this so that there are many pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, to get infected in water bodies, baths, etc. almost unreal. The transfer of gonorrhea from Mom's baby is possible during the process of natural genera, especially through the mucous eye, which is dangerous loss of vision.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods

One of the venereal diseases is manifested in the form of mucous nasal discharge - gonorrhea.

The essence of pathology

Gonoron is often called French runny nose. Many are interested in what disease is a violation. Under this term, a special infectious and inflammatory process is understood, which predominantly affects the urinary system.

The causative agent of the ailment are gonococci. Infection is most often carried out by half. Gonococci in a short time die in an external environment as a result of heating, antiseptic treatment, ultraviolet effect.

Infection pathogens are usually affected by the mucosa of organs that have iron and cylindrical epithelium.

What is a hussar runny nose

The name of the hussars or French runny nose got a disease in the 17th century (the times of the board of Karl's second), when most of the hussar had no less frequently than an ordinary cold. This is an oldest pathology, which is mentioned in the Bible as physical uncleanness. Such a synonym is a venereal disease called Gonorrhea or Tripper.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods

Loving men were popular with fair sex representatives, there were no protection tools - as a result, each second sick and was a source of infection.

Causes and risk factors

The causative agent of the alend is Gonokokk. This disease is transmitted by half. This usually occurs as a result of sexual contacts without using a condom.

It is possible to infect gonorads and everyday. This happens through household items - towels, linen, etc.

This path of infection is more often found in women. Children can be infected against mothers during childbirth. In such a situation, there is a risk of lesion of the mucous coverage of the eyes.

The main risk factors include the following:

  • indiscriminate sex;
  • Refusal to apply barrier methods of contraception;
  • infection through generic paths;
  • Gonococcal infection in the body - it can get through the hands on the mucous membranes of the eye;
  • The use of intrauterine spirals.

Symptoms and Stages

The incubation period of the disease is 3-5 days.

The first symptoms of pathology are pain during urination and greenish discharge on linen, which are accompanied by an unpleasant aroma.

If such signs appear, you need to immediately contact a specialist. The doctor will appoint analyzes and based on them will give an accurate diagnosis. When I detecting a hussar runny nose, you need to notify the sexual partner about it.

It is important to take into account that even the use of a condom does not fully protect against this infection. However, you should not worry. Today, this disease is effectively treated quite effectively. There are several stages of the hussar runny nose, for each of which certain symptoms are characteristic.

The sharp stage of pathology is accompanied by such manifestations:

  • an increase in body temperature;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • The appearance of purulent discharges;
  • Cutting pain syndrome during urination.

Subacious stage is characterized by such symptoms:

  • feeling of burning and itching in the urethra;
  • discharge, crust formation;
  • Failure of lymph nodes in groin.

The chronic stage of illness has an asymptomatic flow. Therefore, people are not treated in a timely manner. As a result, negative consequences arise - pelvic pain, prostatitis, loss of reproductive functions, weakening sexual activity.

The greatest danger is a subacted form of illness. It increases the likelihood of purulent foci at the bottom of the abdomen, in groin, in the pubic area. Therefore, it is so important to see the doctor in a timely manner.

Symptoms of pathology are distinguished depending on the gender. In women, the inflammatory process is striking the neck of the uterus, men's pathology is localized in the urethre.

In addition, the hussar runny nose can provoke the lesion of the mucous covers of the oral cavity and the intestinal zone. The signs of infection should be attributed from the rear passage and itching in this area. The defeat of the oral cavity provokes pain in the throat and excessive saliva production.

  • Viral pneumonia is a sharp inflammation of the lungs;
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Signs

"Rubber French" is actually not always characterized by purulent secretions. Some patients discover that they infected with infection, after 2-14 days after unprotected sex, while others can live for many years, without even suspecting their illness. It is important to remember, however, that even in the absence of typical symptoms, an infected person remains contagious for the rest.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods

Diagnostics

To put an accurate diagnosis, these types of research are carried out:

  1. Analysis of patient complaints and study of the history of pathology. The doctor is interested in the presence of selections from the genital organs, intelligible sensations for the empty of the bladder and sexual contacts. Evaliable importations have events that led to the appearance of symptoms - for example, a change in sexual partner or unprotected contacts.
  2. Studying anamnesis of life. The doctor will definitely ask the patient about the presence of bad habits, transferred pathologies, ways to protect, the number of sexual partners.
  3. Conducting a common and urological inspection. The specialist is interested in symptoms of inflammation, which may indicate the development of gonorrhea.
  4. PCR diagnostics. This is an accurate study that allows you to identify a gonduct infection in urethral discharges.
  5. Linked immunosorbent assay. This technique is aimed at identifying antibodies to gonococcal. These are special protein elements that are produced by immune cells.
  6. Microscopic examination of the urethral smear.
  7. Culture sowing. During this procedure, the urethral discharge is placed in a favorable medium, after which they are studied under the microscope and determine the sensitivity to antibiotics.

Treatment

Previously, antibacterial agents from Penicillins category were mainly used to treat the illness. Today the situation has changed somewhat, which is due to the resistance of the gonducts to such drugs.

To choose a suitable medicine, you need to go through a detailed examination and determine the body's resistance to antibiotics.

In men

To cope with the hussar runner among representatives of a strong floor, the use of sharp products and alcoholic beverages should be eliminated. It is also necessary to abandon physical exertion and sex contacts. All indicated factors provoke the aggravation of the ailment.

Treatment of pathology depends on the severity and age category. Most often doctors prescribe such antibiotics:

  • offloxacin;
  • Zefisim;
  • Ciprofloxacin.

The estimated funds actively affect the gococcal infection. In addition to drugs, immunomodulators and physiotherapy products are prescribed. This category includes such techniques:

  • UHF;
  • Ultrasonic impact;
  • Industry;
  • electrophoresis;
  • laser impact;
  • Darsonvalization.

If the patient has a permanent partner, it should also undergo treatment. Moreover, the therapy is required even if, according to analyzes, the disease was not detected.

After the completion of the treatment, a test study is carried out. When receiving negative analyzes data, the infection may be considered destroyed.

Among women

Therapy of this pathology in women can be assigned only subject to such conditions:

  • Installed diagnosis;
  • identified pathogen;
  • Bacteriological research has been carried out.

For the treatment of pathology, women prescribe the same drugs as men. Local therapy can also be used. These include douching, microclisms, rectal suppositories.

Special therapy is needed during pregnancy. In this case, any options for self-treatment are categorically prohibited. During the period of therapy, you need to be under the control of the doctor.

Gonorrhea Tse. Gonorrhea: Causes, Symptoms, Lіkuvannya

Gonorrhea Abo Treper - Cese Venerical Inthektsіyna Zakhvyuvannya, in the result of the kind, Urozheny Mlives Obolonka Sechenyateviki organіv, directly nominations, slipping of the company. Zurstnik tripe - gonokok, creepy transcendent a pіd hour of an unexpussed static act. CRIM, Gonokokkom can be infected with і, do not accept the disoberbers of others, with whistles of someone else's trench, torture, postіlny speeches I Dali. Nicestіshe gonorochu is a ragovy shyzhah infected Zhinka. Infіkuvannya Triper Mozhet Torzozh Vіdbuvatya Vіd Motherі to Ditini Pіd hour of the flight Diyalnosti. Naisstіshi is not in the result in the result of the infection of urgently plugs by the eyes, Shaho in Shchustyi vipadski Zi, I basicly, the reason for Slіpoti.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods

Symptoms of gonoro.

For the triper, the characteristics of Inkubatsіyniy Perigod Vіd one to P'yatdqii Dnіv. Pershi symptoms can manifest in the other-terty day. In Cholovіkіv, the same symptomy, Yak Ryasnі Slisyo-Gnіini, the visionary of the static organ, Supuriojuvani, strongly, the ilklyaku і rіzuzu in Schechyopskannі. Vinolennya Mozniki Vikni Mimovolі Abo Pіd An hour of a non-firm screen on the head of the Static Member. Vivenina Mozhut Suprejuvativatsya Torzhennikonnnyy І Glindowes of the Zovnikovsky Rip of the Sech Channel. Zagalne Self-Mozhettya, at the Czema, it can not know, the temperature of підевиствивать стовой Рідко, расчиі ещерігая горулький Ерекції.

Zhіnok symptomatics does not make such an Yaskravoye character. Yak Rule, Ximdesyat VіdSotkiv Zhіnok not Vіdchuyuє of the meanings of the sign of the symptom, iodі-Z''Iniyuyuyuzni Vosіlennya z's characteristic odor of Abo Bіl with Schechyopskannі, ignorance.

Yakschko not Lіkuvati gonorrhea Vіdrazu for the fighters of symptoms, the Suttєvі Zmіni in the slugs of Statevih Organіv, Shaho Pіznіsh, to call up to the feasible, and I was carrying an exhaust to the function of the function of the authorities of the authorities, the brain, Nirok, Musculaturi, Skіry, Suglobiv. Diagnostuyuzhny Dana Zakhvyuvannya, Navіt z. Yaskravo, by the symptoms of Tіlki for the additional laboratory analiziv.

Lіkuvannya Gonorї.

When Viknnnі Navіtnaya Symphatic symptoms of Abo pіsl of an unexicued static contact, Sveti Nekayino brought down to L_kari І Zdati Analii. Watching the aircourse is not recommended! The tripper is to reach the fold, Serneozn Zakhvyuvanny, Yaka can with the wrong Lіkuvanni Davati Seriesni acceponne.

Krim Main Lіkuvannya, Yaka acknowledged urologist, Lіkar-venereologist Abo gіnecologist, it is necessary to accept the rules of individuals, Gigієni:

  • Mitety's remote hand is an anti-bacterian mile of the skin of the skin of the toilet.
  • Cholovіkikov did not occur samostіyno-Volliwati sni znіsa, osskіlki Цеаза замерь сто и и инфекції.
  • Critting in the ointment of the first speeches.
  • Krim Gigієниni, shown Ryasna Pitty, peeled with a ceremonial menu GRUPI.
  • Vіdmovitisya Vіd Vіdvduvannya Basainiv, saunas, furious Lazen.
  • Vіdmovitiya Vіd cycling prospects of the physical fantasy fantasy, in the same number, bigo and trivaloї, walking.

For Cornbi, Gonokokkom Naigrash Lіkari admitted this preparation, Yak Fluorokіnolon Abo Cefalosporin. The course of L_kuvannya is necessary to be robbed, do not refer to yogo ni on the day, the osskіlki інфекцій и и душки Дотого зегігатся in Latentniy Formi. Pіsl The course Lіkuvannya, Yak Rule, chalky once, the raspawati analii, Lіkan, rebuilding in the same time, Schu Zhvornoynnya will be ridded.

Possible complications

Asymptomatic gonorrhea is quite rarely detected at an early stage of development. As a result, pathology applies and leads to dangerous consequences.

In women, illness can lead to the defeat of the uterus and ovaries, as well as to cause abscesses.

All this provokes a cycle violation, the appearance of adhesions in the pipes, the loss of reproductive functions or the offensive of ectopic pregnancy.

If the infected woman is already pregnant, there is a risk of premature birth or miscarriage. Also, the disease can lead to child infection and the appearance of septic states after delivery.

If a newborn baby is infected with gonorads, there is a risk of inflammatory defeat of the eye conjunctiva. This may cause blindness.

Gonococcal epididimitis is considered a serious complication of pathology.

There is also the likelihood of spermatogenesis. As a result of the development of pathology, problems arise with fertilization.

Gonorrhea can hit the throat, bladder, kidneys. There is also a risk of violation of the work of the joints, lymphatic glands, direct intestines and other organs. To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to clearly adhere to the recommendations of the venereologist.

Prevention

To prevent infection with gonococci and avoid the spread of pathology, such recommendations must be followed:

  • adhere to personal prevention rules - eliminate random contacts, use condoms, comply with hygiene rules;
  • Personal Profuses are especially relevant for health care workers, nutrition, children's institutions;
  • In time, identify and treat people with gonorrhea - this is especially important for people from risk groups.

Gusar runny nose is a serious pathology that can provoke dangerous health effects. To avoid infection, you need to be attentive in choosing sex contacts and stick to hygienic rules. If infection still happened, you should immediately contact the doctor.

Preventive measures

Any disease is easier to warn than to treat. Prevention of gonorrhea, like other venereal diseases, is:

  • use condoms;
  • Careful genital hygiene before and after intimate proximity;
  • Compliance with intimate ethics (one permanent partner).

The risk of male infection significantly reduces urination after the act, which ensures the flushing of pathogens.

Strong immunity is able to prevent the development of the disease. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen it on an ongoing basis (active lifestyle, balanced nutrition, avoiding stressful situations, rejection of bad habits). In addition, it is necessary to treat all somatic pathologies in time, which, with long-term flow, reduce the protective functions of the body.

The hussar runny nose is a delicate problem, which is not customary to speak out loud. Do not underestimate the danger of the disease. Lack of treatment leads to irreversible consequences. Therefore, at the very first symptoms of the disease, it is necessary to seek medical attention.

Some people who heard the phrase of the hussar run nose says nothing. At first glance, it seems that this is a standard cold illness and only raging deeper can be found that it is nothing more than gonorrhea. About this disease of the genital organs is considered to be silent. But, it is better to be fully armed and know how to deal with him, what prerequisites have a hussar runny nose than embarrassed, not knowing what actually happens.

And although our resource is dedicated to Rinith, we decided to affect this slippery problem.

Source: orenburg7m.ru.

The hussar runny nose is more famous in medicine as a gonorrhea. Many people are interested in what it is. Under this term, a venereal disease is understood, which negatively affects the work of the genital organs. Infection occurs through sexual contacts, but sometimes you can get infected and in a household method. Wikipedia notes that the transfer of gonorrhea is possible during the natural childbirth from the infected mother to the child.

The essence of pathology

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsGonoron is often called French runny nose. Many are interested in what disease is a violation.

Under this term, a special infectious and inflammatory process is understood, which predominantly affects the urinary system.

The causative agent of the ailment are gonococci. Infection is most often carried out by half. Gonococci in a short time die in an external environment as a result of heating, antiseptic treatment, ultraviolet effect.

Infection pathogens are usually affected by the mucosa of organs that have iron and cylindrical epithelium.

Causes and risk factors

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsThe causative agent of the alend is Gonokokk. This disease is transmitted by half.

This usually occurs as a result of sexual contacts without using a condom.

It is possible to infect gonorads and everyday. This happens through household items - towels, linen, etc.

This path of infection is more often found in women. Children can be infected against mothers during childbirth. In such a situation, there is a risk of lesion of the mucous coverage of the eyes.

The main risk factors include the following:

  • indiscriminate sex;
  • Refusal to apply barrier methods of contraception;
  • infection through generic paths;
  • Gonococcal infection in the body - it can get through the hands on the mucous membranes of the eye;
  • The use of intrauterine spirals.

Symptoms and Stages

The incubation period of the disease is 3-5 days.

The first symptoms of pathology are pain during urination and greenish discharge on linen, which are accompanied by an unpleasant aroma.

If such signs appear, you need to immediately contact a specialist. The doctor will appoint analyzes and based on them will give an accurate diagnosis. When I detecting a hussar runny nose, you need to notify the sexual partner about it.

It is important to take into account that even the use of a condom does not fully protect against this infection. However, you should not worry. Today, this disease is effectively treated quite effectively. There are several stages of the hussar runny nose, for each of which certain symptoms are characteristic.

The sharp stage of pathology is accompanied by such manifestations:

  • an increase in body temperature;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • The appearance of purulent discharges;
  • Cutting pain syndrome during urination.

Subacious stage is characterized by such symptoms:

  • feeling of burning and itching in the urethra;
  • discharge, crust formation;
  • Failure of lymph nodes in groin.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsThe chronic stage of illness has an asymptomatic flow. Therefore, people are not treated in a timely manner.

As a result, negative consequences arise - pelvic pain, prostatitis, loss of reproductive functions, weakening sexual activity.

The greatest danger is a subacted form of illness. It increases the likelihood of purulent foci at the bottom of the abdomen, in groin, in the pubic area. Therefore, it is so important to see the doctor in a timely manner.

Symptoms of pathology are distinguished depending on the gender. In women, the inflammatory process is striking the neck of the uterus, men's pathology is localized in the urethre.

In addition, the hussar runny nose can provoke the lesion of the mucous covers of the oral cavity and the intestinal zone. The signs of infection should be attributed from the rear passage and itching in this area. The defeat of the oral cavity provokes pain in the throat and excessive saliva production.

Diagnostics

To put an accurate diagnosis, these types of research are carried out:

  1. Analysis of patient complaints and study of the history of pathology. The doctor is interested in the presence of selections from the genital organs, intelligible sensations for the empty of the bladder and sexual contacts. Evaliable importations have events that led to the appearance of symptoms - for example, a change in sexual partner or unprotected contacts.
  2. Studying anamnesis of life. The doctor will definitely ask the patient about the presence of bad habits, transferred pathologies, ways to protect, the number of sexual partners.
  3. Conducting a common and urological inspection. The specialist is interested in symptoms of inflammation, which may indicate the development of gonorrhea. Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Methods
  4. PCR diagnostics. This is an accurate study that allows you to identify a gonduct infection in urethral discharges.
  5. Linked immunosorbent assay. This technique is aimed at identifying antibodies to gonococcal. These are special protein elements that are produced by immune cells.
  6. Microscopic examination of the urethral smear.
  7. Culture sowing. During this procedure, the urethral discharge is placed in a favorable medium, after which they are studied under the microscope and determine the sensitivity to antibiotics.

Treatment

Previously, antibacterial agents from Penicillins category were mainly used to treat the illness. Today the situation has changed somewhat, which is due to the resistance of the gonducts to such drugs.

To choose a suitable medicine, you need to go through a detailed examination and determine the body's resistance to antibiotics.

In men

To cope with the hussar runner among representatives of a strong floor, the use of sharp products and alcoholic beverages should be eliminated. It is also necessary to abandon physical exertion and sex contacts. All indicated factors provoke the aggravation of the ailment.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsTreatment of pathology depends on the severity and age category. Most often doctors prescribe such antibiotics:

  • offloxacin;
  • Zefisim;
  • Ciprofloxacin.

The estimated funds actively affect the gococcal infection. In addition to drugs, immunomodulators and physiotherapy products are prescribed. This category includes such techniques:

  • Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsUHF;
  • Ultrasonic impact;
  • Industry;
  • electrophoresis;
  • laser impact;
  • Darsonvalization.

If the patient has a permanent partner, it should also undergo treatment. Moreover, the therapy is required even if, according to analyzes, the disease was not detected.

After the completion of the treatment, a test study is carried out. When receiving negative analyzes data, the infection may be considered destroyed.

Among women

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsTherapy of this pathology in women can be assigned only subject to such conditions:

  • Installed diagnosis;
  • identified pathogen;
  • Bacteriological research has been carried out.

For the treatment of pathology, women prescribe the same drugs as men. Local therapy can also be used. These include douching, microclisms, rectal suppositories.

Special therapy is needed during pregnancy. In this case, any options for self-treatment are categorically prohibited. During the period of therapy, you need to be under the control of the doctor.

Possible complications

Asymptomatic gonorrhea is quite rarely detected at an early stage of development. As a result, pathology applies and leads to dangerous consequences.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsIn women, illness can lead to the defeat of the uterus and ovaries, as well as to cause abscesses.

All this provokes a cycle violation, the appearance of adhesions in the pipes, the loss of reproductive functions or the offensive of ectopic pregnancy.

If the infected woman is already pregnant, there is a risk of premature birth or miscarriage. Also, the disease can lead to child infection and the appearance of septic states after delivery.

If a newborn baby is infected with gonorads, there is a risk of inflammatory defeat of the eye conjunctiva. This may cause blindness.

Gusar Rubber: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment MethodsGonococcal epididimitis is considered a serious complication of pathology.

There is also the likelihood of spermatogenesis. As a result of the development of pathology, problems arise with fertilization.

Gonorrhea can hit the throat, bladder, kidneys. There is also a risk of violation of the work of the joints, lymphatic glands, direct intestines and other organs. To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to clearly adhere to the recommendations of the venereologist.

Prevention

To prevent infection with gonococci and avoid the spread of pathology, such recommendations must be followed:

  • adhere to personal prevention rules - eliminate random contacts, use condoms, comply with hygiene rules;
  • Personal Profuses are especially relevant for health care workers, nutrition, children's institutions;
  • In time, identify and treat people with gonorrhea - this is especially important for people from risk groups.

Gusar runny nose is a serious pathology that can provoke dangerous health effects. To avoid infection, you need to be attentive in choosing sex contacts and stick to hygienic rules. If infection still happened, you should immediately contact the doctor.

Almost every profession is associated with a certain risk for health, and sometimes life. There was a "professional" disease and Russian hussar.

What only hussars were sick

In the dictionary of the Russian Argo, Vladimir Elistratova, you can find a definition of one interesting illness associated with hussars. His name is a hussar runny nose. However, there is no special kind of runn nose of the brave, mansome-hussars hardened in battles did not hurt. The compiler of the dictionary explains that an ordinary tripper was hidden behind such an unusual title.

Naturally, gonorrhea in the past century was hurt not only brave warriors of the hussar regiments. Venestic diseases were quite common. Due to the absence of antibiotics, they were treated it unimportant, and spread like a forest fire. However, the "hussar runny" this unpleasant disease was called only in the military medium.

The names of "RUMID" Gonorrhea was awarded due to specific allocations from the urethral canal. The hussars were famous ladies and started novels in each settlement in which the regiment stayed at the post. With such an erratic sexual life there was nothing surprising that many military sicks were "hussar runny".

Causes of diseases threatening

The first mention of hussars is found in the diary of the Scottish traveler Patrick Gordon in 1634. In addition to the fact that this man lived in Russia for a long time, he also taught Peter I to Military art. Gordon recorded that 3 companies of the hussar took part in the housing campaign of 1694.

They were fighting fighters in the truth. However, the military in those days had to be serviced all his life without a balance. It was Peter I issued a decree, according to which the lower ranks lost the right to marry. Yes, and officers were very difficult to associate themselves by the legitimate Uzami Gimenta.

The fact is that the permission to the marriage of Hussar was to give his commander. The latter very strictly estimated the origin of the bride and the financial position of the groom. If the girl was from a dubious family or hussar could not provide a potential spouse with a worthy standard of living, he was refused to be in marriage.

Over time, a certain framework was installed for clarity. Gusar could only marry at the age of 30. By this time, he managed to survive and get a rise. Monthly income of the potential groom should exceed 115 rubles. For the highest ranks, this limit increased many times.

So there was a handsome military to look for "temporary wives" at any convenient case. Serious, healthy men served in the hussar shelves. For a long time to live in abstinence, they simply could not. Yes, and the ladies were not at all against sharing with them.

All this over time became the reason that the hussars began to be perceived as windy seductors. They themselves quickly entered the taste, are accustomed to bachelor's rampant life. Only one problem overshadowed all this fun - the damned "hussar runny nose".

HahaHaha Poop.Poop. SAD.SAD. Yay.Yay. Wow.Wow. AngryAngry Love.Love. Heart.Heart.
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What is gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is an infectious disease that is sexually transmitted. In the people, it is called tryryper or "hussar runny", in men, with gonor, there are often characteristic highlights from the penis.

The disease overwhelms more often men, but also occurs in women and newborns. The main signs of gonorrhea are pain and burning in urination, unusual green-yellow purulent separation from sex tract, redness of genital organs. But the disease can leak without symptoms.

Causes of occurrence

Causes gonorrhea bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. (Gonokokk). She amazes, first of all, the urethra (at the same time urethritis arises) and the cervix (causing cervicitis), less often - the rectum, mucous throat and eye, causing inflammation.

Ways of infection

Gonorrhea belongs to venereal diseases, it is transmitted from man to a person with unprotected sexual intercourse: upon contact with the affected bacteria, sites (genually organs, anus, mouth).

Important! Bacteria is not in seed or vaginal fluids, but directly on the surface of the genital organs. Interrupted sexual act does not reduce and does not exclude the risk of gonoraly infection.

The infection can penetrate the intestine in the anal sexual act, and in the throat - with oral. Through the oral cavity of a sick gonorrhea, a bacterium can pass his healthy partner.

The newborn gonorrhea is found if the bacterium was in the mother's body during childbirth. Infection occurs when a child with phallopy pipes and the uterus. Moreover, the bacteria is most often striking the eyes of newborns, causing a gonorrheal conjunctivitis (Blennorea).

Since bacterium is not able to exist outside the body of a person (that is, outside the host cell), it is impossible to infect trypper in public places, pools and toilets. Gonorrhea is also not transmitted by air-droplet.

Is gonorrhea transmitted through towels or dishes?

There are very rare cases when bacterium is transmitted through a towel. For this, an infected person should use a towel on a mucous membrane, affected by bacterium. Then a healthy person must transfer the selection from the towel to his mucous membrane. Taking into account the fact that bacteria outside the human body quickly dies, it is necessary to do it quickly. It turns out, it is possible to get across the towel only if you do it on purpose. Therefore, doctors say that infection through towels, dishes and cutlery does not occur.

Who is in the risk group?

In the risk group of gonorrhea - people practicing unprotected sex (without the use of a condom):

  • employees of the sphere of intimate services and their customers;
  • People practicing same-sex unprotected sexual contacts (men who have sex with men and women who enter into sexual intercourse with women);
  • People who are often changing sexual partners.

Sick gonorrhea can be repeated if you have contact with a sick person. The risk of infection increases with other sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, syphilis, etc.).

Types of disease, classification

Gonorrhea may affect not only the organs of the urogenital system, although the urogenital infection is most common. Distinguish:

  • Urogenital infection: men have inflammation takes place in sexual member, scrotum, prostate, in women - in the cervix, vagina and small pelvis organs (Fig. 1).
  • Gorona rectum: hitting bacteria to the body occurs during anal sex. Symptoms are itching, bleeding, disorders of defecation (constipation, diarrhea).
  • Gonococcal pharynx infections (gonococcal pharyngitis): Reason - oral sex. Symptoms may be absent, but the infection can lead to an angina.
  • Disseminated gonorrheal infection (arthritis dermatitis syndrome): infection affects the skin and joints. Red spots appear on the skin, the joints swell. One of the varieties of infection is a gonorial septic arthritis.
  • Honory conjunctivitis (Blennorya): It happens when the contaminated bacterium has a fluid in the eye. As a result - swelling and redness.
  • Fitza Hugh Curtis syndrome (venereic perigepatitis): inflammation of the pelvic region and liver, accompanied by pain in the right upper body of the abdomen with nausea, vomiting and temperature.
Figure 1. Common development of urogenital infection with gonor. A - urethritis, inflammation of the urethra canal in men. B - Cervicitis, inflammation of the uterus in women. Source: CCH0 Public Domain

Symptoms of gonorona

The course of the disease can be absolutely invisible for an infected person.

The first signs of the disease

The first symptoms of gonorrhea can only take themselves after 2 weeks or a few months after unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner. Sometimes signs of the disease occur earlier - on the third or fifth day after infection. Typically, the genitals blush, burning and discomfort, amplifying when urination.

Next, the symptoms vary depending on the type of gonorrhea.

Symptoms in women

In women, symptoms appear within 10-14 days:

  • burning, pain when urination;
  • Unusual discharge from the vagina: they can have a more dense than usual structure, be purulent or watery, with a green or yellowish tinge;
  • Blood selection before or after menstruation;
  • More rarely: pain in the bottom of the abdomen, blood after sex, menstruation can flow in more severe form (more abundant selection).

It should be remembered - half of the female female sickness disease occurs asymptomatic.

Symptoms in men

In men, the symptoms declare themselves for 2-14 days after unprotected sexual intercourse (Fig. 2):

  • Violation of urination: pain, burning, discomfort, incontinence, frequent urge;
  • Unusual separation from the head of the penis, more often purulent, green or yellowish shade;
  • redness and swelling of the head of the penis;
  • More rarely: pain in the scrotum, swelling.

Each tenth-infected gonorrhea men disease does not show any symptoms.

Figure 2. Common symptoms of urogenital infection when infecting gonorads in men and women. Source: Verywell.

Symptoms when infecting skin, eye, rectum

Gonorrhea on the skin (arthritis-dermatitis syndrome) is manifested in the form of red purulent points. They are accompanied by fever, severe pain in the joints. The joints are swollen, the skin in the ankle area, wrists or knees of red.

With the gonor of the rectum to the symptoms include itching, bleeding, constipation or diarrhea.

Gonorrhea of ​​the mucosa of the throat may not show themselves, but in the future it can cause Honorian Angina.

Honory conjunctivitis (Blenorea) is expressed in redness and edema.

Symptoms in newborns

When childbirth, gonorrhea can pass the child. The newborn signs of the disease are red and swollen eyes with purulent secretions.

As a preventive measure, before the birth of the child, the doctor may prescribe mothers of antibiotics. After birth, the child is introduced an antibiotic intravenously and washed with the eyes with saline.

Diagnosis of gonorona

Diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhea should be treated seriously. Even if the gonorrhea does not show itself, a person is still a carrier of infection.

If the first symptoms appear, as well as in the absence of confidence in a partner or after unprotected sexual intercourse, you must immediately visit the venereologist (dermatovenerologist).

What tests are needed?

To determine the gonorrhea, the doctor takes a smear from the mucous membrane of the penis or the ureas channel of the man and, accordingly, from the mucous membrane of the uterus - in women.

The doctor then sends a smear to the study. To identify the pathogen, use:

  • PCR method (polymerase chain reaction, bacterial DNA is detected in the sample);
  • Culture method (bacteriological sowing);
  • Coloring method by gram.

Since Gonorrhea contributes to infection with other venereal infections, doctors advise the analysis also on mycoplasm, trichomonas and chlamydia.

Each method of diagnosing gonorrhea has its advantages and cons.

PCR method

The most sensitive and widely used approach is the PCR method. Used to analyze the smear from genitals, throat, rectum, as well as to study urine sample.

In addition to gonococci, the PCR method detects mycoplasm and chlamydia. The result can be obtained the next day.

Coloring method by gram

The second method - color in gram - rather simple and fast. On the sample taken by dyes and then the result is studied under the microscope (Fig. 3).

Figure 3. Diagnosis of gonorrhea, painting by gram. The drug is sequentially stained with dyes. As a result of bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. Purchase orange-red color against the background of purple cell elements.

This method is used to diagnose gonorrhea in men with a damage to urethra. It is not effective in infecting the throat, the cervix and the rectum, since its result in this case is often unreliable.

The color coloring method also does not reveal the presence of other pathogens - mycoplasma and chlamydia.

Cultural method

The culture method is that the sample is placed in a special vessel and cultivated. Bacteria form colonies. The isolated pure bowl of bacteria is identified by microscopic using painting by gram.

The main plus of this method - it allows you to define bacteria to various antibiotics. Among the disadvantages are the duration of the study (about 3 days) and strictly follow the rules for thering of samples and the transport of material. With the slightest violation of the medium in which bacteria is placed, the analysis can give a false result.

The culture method is used to analyze samples from the throat, rectum, and with arthritis dermatitis syndrome, when the laboratory sends a liquid from the joints.

Important! To obtain a reliable result, it is necessary to comply with the rules for preparing for research. For 2 weeks stop receiving any antibiotics, as they can affect the result. Analyzes do not surrender during menstruation (perfect time - 5 days before or 5 days after menstruation).

What is a provocative test?

After the patient has been treated and repeated analyzes gave a negative result, doctors can resort to a provocative sample.

Such a sample is irritating the bacterium to show itself again.

After all, not until the end of the cured gonorrhea can penetrate the body into the body, and it will be impossible to reveal it on the mucous meal with a smear.

For this use the following methods:

  • chemical (used silver solution for urethra or lugol solution for rectum);
  • thermal (heating fabrics with electrotherapy);
  • Alimentary (when the patient eats acute and salty food for irritation of bacteria);
  • physiological (check whether bacterium will show itself with a hormonal splash in women before and during menstruation);
  • Biological (doctor introduces a gonococcal vaccine and pyrogenal).

Treatment of gonorona

Gonorrhea is treated only with the help of antibacterial drugs that are prescribed a strict doctor.

Treatment with drugs

The main drugs for the treatment of gonorrhea: a combination of antibiotics of two groups - cephalosporins and macrolides.

If the patient has an allergy to macrolides, it is prescribed to the drug from the tetracycline group (contraindicated during pregnancy).

Pregnant women also prescribe antibiotics. It is very important to cure gonorrhea before the birth of a child to reduce the risk of its infection during childbirth.

Improvement occurs after the first day of treatment, but the therapy necessarily needs to go to the end. If the course of antibiotics was not completed, bacteria can work out resistance to used drugs. In this case, it will be very difficult to get rid of infection. It can become chronic and incurable.

7 days after the completion of the course of treatment, it is necessary to come to a doctor for taking control samples.

It should be remembered that during therapy it is necessary to refrain from sex contacts. Sexual intercourse can provoke a new infection. In addition, you can infect your partner. You can return to sexual life after obtaining negative results of control samples.

Important! A course of a gonorrhea must be used by both partners. Gonorona can be sick again if you have been treated, and your partner is not.

Immunotherapy

As auxiliary treatment of a gonorrhea, a doctor may appoint anti-inflammatory drugs and means to strengthen immunity. Immunotherapy cannot be the basis of therapy, as it does not have sufficient efficiency.

Treatment of other sex infections against gonoronia

Sick gonanes due to unprotected sexual intercourse and due to weakened immunity can be infected with other infections that are transmitted by sexual path (chlamydia, syphilis, HIV).

Before starting treatment, the doctor conducts a patient survey and other sexual infections, in case the integrated therapy is required immediately against several pathogenic microorganisms.

Possible complications of gonorrhea

Gonococcal infection, like any other unbearable infection, can lead to complications.

In female gonorrhea, if not treated, can entail the inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) and inflammation of the small pelvis organs (walking). And those in turn can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Another consequence in time of unbearable gonorrhea is chronic pelvic pain.

In men, a gonococcal infection can manifest itself in the form of inflammation of the urethra (urethritis) or inflammation of the appendage of eggs (epididimitis). If the gonoron is left without treatment, the infection will affect the prostate and seed bubbles, and this can lead to infertility and impotence.

Among the rare consequences are inflammation of the endocardium (inner wall of the heart) and the inflammation of the head or spinal cord (meningitis), as well as hyperior arthritis, in which the infection is applied to the skin and joints. And the launched Blennory can lead to blindness.

Gonorrhea loosens immunity and can contribute to infection with other infections, including HIV.

Prevention

From venereal diseases, only sexual abstinence gives 100 percent protection.

To reduce the risk of gonor infection, you need:

  • Use condoms. For oral sex - condoms or latex napkins;
  • consist in monogamous relationships;
  • Pass along with a new partner Survey on gonoron and other venereal diseases to the first sexual act;
  • refrain from indiscriminate sexual bonds;
  • Do not use with other people some and the same sex toys;
  • annually undergo a survey at the gynecologist;
  • Using screening - urine test for nucleic acids. Its regular passage recommends women under 25 years old who lead an active sex life, men who enter into sex with other men, and people who behave messy sex life.

Conclusion

An adult man can be infected with gonorads only through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The newborn infection is transmitted from the mother.

The most common type of gonorrhea is the infection of urethra in men and cervix in women. However, bacteria is leaving for the rectum, as well as in the throat, on the skin and the eyes of a person.

Symptoms for gonor can be completely absent, but the disease has its own specific signs: itching and burning in urination, purulent release of yellow-green color from genitals, redness and swelling of the genital organs.

You can treat gonorrhea only with antibiotics and only by appointing a doctor. Self-medication is extremely dangerous. Be sure to pass the full course of treatment. The problem of the stability of the bacterium to the antibiotic is the main complexity of choosing an antibacterial drug. And if the disease is not treated, it can go into a chronic form, affect other important organs: heart, liver, small pelvis organs, joints, skin, and even lead to infertility.

Sources

  1. UPTODATE. Author Khalil G Ghanem, MD, PHD. Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae infection in adults and adolescents.
  2. MSD Handbook. Author Sheldon R. Morris, MD, MPH, University of California San Diego. Gonorrhea.
  3. HEALTHLINE MEDIA. Gonorrhea.
  4. CDC. Gonorrhea.

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